Save The Elephants, an NPO that was established by the world renowned Dr Iain Douglas Hamilton in Kenya in 1976, support basic research on elephant behaviour and ecology and have pioneered GPS radio tracking to provide fresh insight into elephant ways of life.
Below you will find a recent report from Save the Elephants South Africa, of which Tanda Tula is a proud sponsor, showing elephant movements in around the Greater Kruger National Park. Save the Elephants South Africa is based at Tanda Tula Safari Camp and we welcome our guests to visit the research centre to see the amazing work the team are doing.
What you may find of special interest is the movements the elephants did prior to, during and after the January floods.
Tracking Animals for Conservation
Elephant Tracking Report No. 8: January 2012
We bring you an update of the movements of 19 collared elephants in the Associated Private Nature Reserves (APNR), Kruger National Park (KNP) and the Limpopo Transfrontier National Park (LNP) in Mozambique.
The positions of six elephants collared within the Pafuri – Makuleke Concession area indicate that they have all, with the exception of Zingi, moved south of the Limpopo River. We have currently lost signal for Bvekenya, but Nwambi is still showing movements within the central section of the LNP. Nwankwimbi has also ventured into Mozambique this month, with movements recorded in the northern section of LNP. Zingi is still in the Gonarezhou, although she has made her way down to the south-eastern boarder of the park. Mac is still enjoying his area of choice in central Kruger, not venturing far over the last month.
Our collared elephants within the APNR are more widely scattered throughout the reserve, with Soshangane returning to Balule Private Nature Reserve and Irving moving into southern Timbavati. Joan left the Phalaborwa Mines and spent this month in Klaserie Private Nature Reserve, covering the same areas as Umbabat and Lapajuma. General has came into musth this month and his movements have changed dramatically moving north and south through Klaserie PNR. Gower, Yvonne, Classic and Big Al spent the majority of this month within the Umbabat Private Nature Reserve. Proud started in the Umbabat PNR then moved to the Timbavati PNR to later join Tussle in Klaserie PNR.
This month we have also added some interesting movements that we picked up from a couple individuals during and after the floods on the 18th January 2012.
To help you understand the elephants and their movements the first position of the month is indicated with a diamond and the last position of the month is indicated with an elephant. Cows point to the left and bulls point to the right.
We hope you enjoy this latest report.
Save the Elephants – South Africa
Report prepared by Amy Clark
P.O. Box 960 Hoedspruit 1380 Tel: +27 (0)15 7930369
Save the Elephants – South Africa
Below you will find a gallery of images. Please refer to the list of figures below:
Figure 1: Positions of the Elephants in Northern Kruger National Park (Pafuri–Makuleke Concession)
Figure 2: Positions of the Elephants in Central Kruger National Park and LNP
Figure 3: Positions of the Elephants in the APNR
Figure 4: Colleen (Green) and Agnes (Red). Colleen has stayed south of the Luvuvhu River this month, utilising the western boundary of Kruger NP, whilst Agnes has continued to slowly make here way further south.
Figure 5: Mangala and Nwankwimbi. Nwankwimbi has traversed a large area this month, moving far south of the Limpopo River, and turning east into the Limpopo Transfrontier Park in Mozambique whereas Mangala hasn’t ventured far from Luvuvhu River covering a very small area this month.
Figure 6: Zingi. We have been monitoring Zingi’s movements very closely for the last two months, as she is the first of our collared cows to venture into Zimbabwe. As you can see above she has travelled an incredible distance in the 28 days covering over 200Km. She almost made it to the northern section of Gonarezhou NP, but turned back south after reaching the Runde River.
Figure 7: Mac (Bottom left) & Nwambi (Top right). Mac has returned to his usual routine in his chosen area of the Kruger NP after returning from his short trip south to Letaba. Nwambi is still giving us very interesting data from Mozambique, he hasn’t moved far in the last two months and it will be exciting to see if he continues to utilise this newly opened area.
Figure 8: Classic (Red) & Big AL (Blue). Classic and Big Al have favoured the Umbabat PNR this month, occasionally crossing paths with each other.
Figure 9: General (Yellow) & Gower (Light Blue). General has been in musth this month, hence his widespread movements. He has been covering a much larger area in shorter time spans. Gower has stayed mainly within Umbabat PNR, occasionally crossing paths with Classic and Big Al.
Figure 10: Joan (Purple) & Lapajuma (Pink). Joan spent the most of the month away from the PMC, in Klaserie PNR and for the most part has been in very close proximity to Lapajuma who moved west from Umbabat PNR into Klaserie.
Figure 11: Tussle (Blue) & Proud (Orange). Tussle has moved slightly west of since month and has now been using Klaserie PNR, crossing paths with Proud along the way as he has moved through Umbabat, Timbavati and Klaserie PNR’s.
Figure 12: Yvonne. Yvonne headed north to Umbabat PNR at the beginning of the month, and spent most of her time there until heading back and ending the month back in Timbavati PNR
Figure 13: Irving. After leaving Balule PNR two months ago, Irving has continued to move south at a steady pace through Klaserie PNR and now ended up in the southern section of Timbavati PNR
Figure 14: Soshangane. Soshangane travelled a full circle this month through both Klaserie and back into Balule PNR’s.
Movements during and after the flood of January 18th (Yellow markers indicate the animal’s position during the flood)
Figure 15: Classic crossed the river on the 17th of January 2012
Figure 16: Three days after the flood General made his way to the Nhlaralumi River where he spent the next nine days
Figure 17: Yvonne stayed west of the river during the flood and only crossed to higher ground once the river had subsided
Figure 18: Soshangane stayed close to the river during the flood then moved rapidly east to cross the Klaserie River after it had subsided
Figure 19: Joan crossed and moved away from the Klaserie River before the flood.
A special word of thanks to the following individuals who have kindly donated collars:
Stefan Breuer — Joubert De Lange — Phyllis Gower — Martin & Sophie Haupt
Charlie Irish — Bruce Jenkins — Andreas Liebenburg — Brian & Claire Makare — Robert Mann
Marlene McCay — Tony McClellan — Barry & Mandy Mence — Chris Pearson
Lonnie Strickland — Irving & Yvonne Tucker — Nelda Villines